The Generations of Moises Ville
Moisesville: The Jewish Pioneer Colony. By
MEETING THAT DECIDES A DESTINATION The
historical facts sometimes begins in fortuitous causes, an example is the trip of
the " Podoliers " that arrived in the Argentina on the SS Weser, thanks to
the casual contact in Paris of J.B.Frank -agent of Rafael Hernandez's lands
in Europe - with Eliezer Kauffman, the delegate of a group of Podolian families that
had made the decision to emigrate. He had traveled to Paris to
look for help (and he didn't obtain it) from Baron Rothschild to immigrate to Palestine. Thus was born the idea of
traveling to Argentina.
ARRIVE, BUT they don't RECEIVE THE LAND
GETTING OTHER LANDS IN SANTA FE
HIRSCH HELPS AND THE JCA is FOUNDED Without those Jewish travelers
abandoned in Palacios that were aided by Lowenthal, it is very probable that Baron
Hirsch would never have thought of sending more Jews to Argentina, and maybe neither
have created the JCA. Thanks to this, in 1891 Baron Hirsch's plan was born, to help
the Russian Jews leave its oppression. About 10,000 immigrants arrived in Argentina
under this plan, in the first 5 years up through 1896. The number of immigrants that
stayed on in the colonies was 6,757 residents (983 families). The rest scattered
through out the country or they immigrated to it USA, Uruguay and Chile and some
few ones returned to their native country. Baron Hirsch died in 1896 and the program
passed on to the hands of administrators that didn't have the passion and the
deceased's push. They continued his
work bringing colonists to Argentina up until the eve of the Second World War. (The
JCA was liquidated in the decade of the 1970s). But the multiplier effect was felt,
and dozens of thousands of Jews arrive from Russia and Rumania. After the First
World War they also arrived from Poland and later they were the German and Hungarian
Jews and others, escaping from the
Nazis, that immigrated to Argentina.
The Jewish colonies in Argentina spread though out the
world as a viable destination. This was the way these pioneers became known in those
distant places of Europe and Asia and then many more Jews decided to immigrate to
Argentina. We estimate that around 200,000 to 250,000 Jews from all over the world
immigrated to Argentina these 50 years, 1888-1938. A part of them didn't stay there
and they emigrated from Argentina, especially in the 1920s, using Argentina like
bridge to immigrate to the U.S. A few returned to Europe, some to look for their
family and to return again to Argentina. The balance was really extraordinary. Who
among the original travelers of the S.S. Weser had dreamt of the success that few
years later their descendants would reach in all the activities of the country.
"Moises Ville will last as a symbol, as the concrete realization, the
fulfillment of the chimera that a group of oppressed, pursued, discriminated against
Jews, victims of an authoritarian and overbearing régime and of ancestral
prejudices, one day decided not to be ever more citizen of second class and they
left with decision in search of a country with a juridical régime that offered them
civil equality, freedom and worthy bread. This way sorted." (* *) Today the
Argentinean Jews are full citizens in Argentina, because the last two forbidden
positions, that of President and Vice, are already possible for Jews to obtain due to
the last constitutional reform.
(*) Haim Avni - Argentina and
the History of the Jewish Immigration - 1810-1950", Chap. II
(* *) Argentinean and
Jews" (Martinez Zago, 1986)
THE PLACES OF ORIGIN
PODOLIA in 1890
to historian José Mendelson, most towns that
the Weser families came from were small populations close to
Smotrich, Zinkowtsy, Iarmelinetz (Yarmolinstsy or Jarmolincy),
Proscurow, Husiatin, Horodok ( Greiding), Zarechanka, Keptintsy,
Czernowitz on the other side of the Austro-Hungarian frontier, Khotin in Bessarabia,
and Khmelnik, quite far away toward the NE of Kamenetz-Podolsk.
have found also that Litin, Kupil and Stara Huta were origin places.
I have found also that Litin, Kupil and Stara Huta were origin places.
The migratory Argentinean authorities didn't require data to establish the origin place but the country, and the immigrants were quite reluctant, except for exceptions, to remember their life in the “native mother.” Only on the third part of the developed families I have been able to know what town or shtetl each family came from.
Current maps of Ukraine showing area and places where "podoliers" came from.